How to position container plants on a patio – 10 simple placement tricks that make any backyard look better

This container garden expert shares their secrets to make your patio feel well-designed and purposeful

a patio with potted plants on it
(Image credit: Alex Lesage. Design: Atelier Barda)

There's one major advantage container gardens have over gardening in flowerbeds - it's easy to re-arrange. While re-thinking your planting scheme in a traditional garden might require digging up and transplanting your shrubs and trees, in a container garden, all you have to do is move your pots from one area to another. 

In my own small container garden, I love to be able to refresh my space by moving my plants around, but whether you've got potted plants filling up a small courtyard or just lining your patio, it can be a case of trial and error getting your plant positioning right. 

To try take the guesswork out of container layouts (and to save my back from dragging around my olive tree unnecessarily), I asked expert container gardening expert Steph Green, founder of Contained Creations, for her top tips for how to make potted plants look good on a patio. 

an image of a woman with garden dirt on her face
Steph Green

Steph Green, founder of Contained Creations, is a container garden expert and educator based in Richmond, Virginia. Through her online courses and library of DIY planter recipes, she strives to give her followers and students the tools they need to create high-end arrangements in their own homes.  To download a free copy of her Summer Guide to Thrillers, Fillers, and Spillers, visit

1. Don't obstruct your space

The first rule of container gardening? Make sure it's practical. 'Don’t get in the way of your traffic flow,' Steph advises me. Whether you've got a tight side yard where containers will mean it's a bit of a squeeze, or you're simply blocking the natural path across your patio and beyond, no layout, as good as it may look, is worth making your backyard a less functional space. 

2. Choose the right position for the right plant 

And, of course, there's not much point in having a layout that only looks good for a short time, so it's worth ensuring you've weighed up your outdoor space and have the right plants in the right places. 'Consider the light needs of your plants,' Steph says, 'especially when it comes to sun vs. shade vs. partial sun/shade.' 

Get to know your backyard's orientation and position the best flowers for pots in full sun in the sunniest spots, while shady plants like ferns can fill up pots in places where the sun doesn't reach.

a small backyard with a cactus plant

(Image credit: Serena Eller Vainicher. Design: StudioTAMAT)

3. Make them easy to look after

On a similar note, 'consider accessibility to your containers to make it easy to care for them,' Steph suggests. Layouts where you can't easily reach all your containers are a common container gardening mistake, so ensure each is accessible to keep them nicely watered, and avoid any suffering from neglect. It's a layout trick that will keep your container garden looking better for longer.

4. Create symmetry around an entrance 

Now we've covered the layout mistakes to avoid, where should we start in actually choosing the perfect spots for containers? 'I like to flank an entrance,' Steph says.  'It creates good balance, says welcome to the house, the patio, even the pool.' 

In this example by Charter Oak Landscape Development, Inc. potted trees have been used between each glazed door, helping to bring a simple elegance to this modern small patio

a house with trees either side of back door

(Image credit: Ella Kate Co. Design: Charter Oak Landscape Development, Inc.)

5. Rule of three

There's an old interior styling trick that applies just as much to your container garden as it does to vases on a shelf. 'Group in multiples of three,' Steph says. The rule of three is a great way to group containers together, helping to create a balanced, purposeful look. And once you've nailed the grouping of your containers, you can also use the rule of three for planting to fill them with beautiful foliage, too. 

6. Mix heights 

One of the tricks that comes with the rule of three is in creating contrast with the containers you choose. Mixing heights, shapes, textures and more will make your grouping feel more interesting, while also balancing the overall look of your creation. 

So how should we approach it? 'In a roomy corner, I love a tall, medium, and small,' Steph advises. 'A wide, low bowl is my favorite “small” option.'

7. Or keep sizes identical 

However, if you're creating a more minimalist backyard, it might be a better idea to repeat the same container. 'In this case, keep them all the same size and finish with identical plantings to create repetition and rhythm,' Steph says. 'This works particularly well when you place containers in a row.' 

concrete planters in a row with colorful flowers

(Image credit:

8. Curate a palette

I often surprise myself at how many containers my small backyard can actually hold, but if you don't keep a handle on the styles of pots you add in, it can quickly become chaotic and aesthetically discordant.

'Keep the style and finishes of your pots in the same family or color palette, if not exactly the same, to create the most cohesive look,' Steph tells me. 'I prefer earthy neutral or black/charcoal finishes to let the plants shine.' 

9. Keep it minimalist 

When in doubt, Steph advises to keep your container garden layout simple. 'Curate, don't clutter,' she says. 'I’d rather have a small number of really beautiful container gardens than numerous “mediocre” ones. Do a couple of great arrangements you can manage rather than creating more than you can handle.' 

Container gardens can often feel like a lot of upkeep, so a low-maintenance garden take on container planting sounds like a good idea to me. 

a large curved deck in a narrow garden

(Image credit: Travis Rhoads. Design: Seed Studio Landscape Design)

10. Punctuate different zones 

When you have a backyard made up of different "zones" - whether that be decking, patio and lawn, grass and gravel - container plants are a great way to mark this transition, and soften the hardscaping elements of your backyard. 'I like to visually punctuate the outer edges of a space,' says Steph, 'and containers are useful for this for the likes of  a pool deck, steps, etc.) 

Luke Arthur Wells
Freelancer writer

Luke Arthur Wells is a freelance design writer, award-winning interiors blogger and stylist, known for neutral, textural spaces with a luxury twist. He's worked with some of the UK's top design brands, counting the likes of Tom Dixon Studio as regular collaborators and his work has been featured in print and online in publications ranging from Domino Magazine to The Sunday Times. He's a hands-on type of interiors expert too, contributing practical renovation advice and DIY tutorials to a number of magazines, as well as to his own readers and followers via his blog and social media. He might currently be renovating a small Victorian house in England, but he dreams of light, spacious, neutral homes on the West Coast.